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The Fund shall be managed by an Executive Committee representing equally seven industrialized countries and seven Article 5 countries, elected each year by an Assembly of the Contracting Parties. Each year, the Committee reports on its activities to the Assembly of Parties. The Multilateral Fund`s field work in developing countries is carried out by four implementing agencies that have concluded contractual agreements with the Executive Committee:[40] The Parties to the Montreal Protocol have advisory bodies designated as evaluation bodies. Withdrawal The assessment bodies are responsible for reporting regularly on progress in implementing the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances. including assessments of alternatives and emission reductions. Within 25 years of signing, the MP`s parties celebrate important milestones. It is significant that the world has removed 98% of the ozone-depleting substances present in nearly 100 hazardous chemicals worldwide. each country has complied with strict obligations; and the member obtained the status of the world`s first regime with universal ratification; even the youngest member state, South Sudan, was ratified in 2013. UNEP has received awards for achieving a global consensus demonstrating “the world`s commitment to ozone protection and, more broadly, to global environmental protection”. [62] As part of its contribution to the Multilateral Fund, Australia also implements a number of bilateral projects in developing countries. These projects use Australian skills and technologies and contribute to raising the profile of Australian know-how and expertise in ozone protection initiatives. This page summarizes the history of international cooperation for the protection of the ozone layer, including the Vienna Convention; the Montreal Protocol; previous amendments to the Montreal Protocol; and the Ozone Secretariat of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

On 23 June 2015, all UN countries, the Cook Islands, the Holy See, Niue and the European Union ratified the original Montreal Protocol (see link leaving this page) [42], with South Sudan being the last country to ratify the agreement, bringing the total to 197. These countries have also ratified the london, Copenhagen, Montreal and Beijing amendments. [12] The Montreal Protocol is governed by the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer (Vienna Convention). The Vienna Convention was adopted in 1985 following an international debate on scientific discoveries in the 1970s and 1980s, highlighting the adverse effects of human activities on the ozone content of the stratosphere and the discovery of the “hole in the ozone layer”. The objective is to promote cooperation on the adverse effects of human activities on the ozone layer. Australia is one of the first countries to ratify the Montreal Protocol, Australia remains the leader in the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances. In many cases, Australia is well ahead of the requirements of the Montreal Protocol. The Australian approach is based on a cooperative partnership between industry, community and all levels of government….